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Tagset

WORD

(1) Lemma

the basic dictionary form

(2) Morphological tag

see here

VERSE LINE

(1) Metre

(1a) Type of metre

[A] :: dactyl with anacrusis (amphibrach)

[D] :: dactyl

[J] :: iamb

[N] :: undetermined (free, syllabic, quantitative, accentual, unrecognized verse)

[T] :: trochee

[X] :: logaoedic

[Y] :: logaoedic with anacrusis

(1b) Length

the number of S in the pattern

(1c) End of a line

[a] :: acatalectic (the pattern ends in Sww)

[m] :: masculine (the pattern ends in S)

[z] :: feminine (the pattern ends in Sw)

(2) Pattern

Metrical pattern including substitutions, caesuras etc.

[S] :: strong position

[w] :: weak position

[X] :: undetermined position (free, syllabic, quantitative, accentual, unrecognized verse)

More metrical patterns can correspond to one metre (i.e. metre type + length + end of a line). In such cases one pattern is always considered as the basic one, e.g.

[D4z] :: SwwSwwSwwSw (basic) :: V ostravské harendě večer se stavil

[D4z] :: SwwSwSwwSw :: Šel starý Magdón z Ostravy domů

[J4m] :: wSwSwSwS (basic) :: Byl pozdní večer první máj

[J4m] :: wSwwSwSwS :: Nad stromů noc; její bílý klín

Apart from the symbols [S], [w] and [X], the metrical pattern may also contain a hyphen [-]. In ghazals the hyphen separates the so called radif (a word or a group of words recurring at the end of a line), which is not included in the characteristics of the metre, e.g.

[T5z] :: SwSwSwSwSw-Sw :: Užívej, když smutek tebe zkruší, hašiš,

[T5z] :: SwSwSwSwSw-Sw :: vzdechy tiší slzy rázem suší, hašiš;

[T5m] :: SwSwSwSwS :: jesti čaroděje mocný prut,

[T5z] :: SwSwSwSwSw-Sw :: který vazby všednosti v ráz zruší, hašiš...

(3) Rhyme

A numerical index connecting rhymed verse lines. Zero indicates unrhymed verse lines e.g.

[0] Už je konec štěstí;

[1] pohněvaná víla

[0] ve dva bujné keře

[1] lásku proměnila.

[0] Z tvé vyrostlo ostí,

[2] z mé se růže stala,

[0] květy své, mé písně,

[2] v klín Ti sesypala.

(4) Commonly used name of metre

[alexandrin] :: J6 with a caesura (word boundary) between the sixth and seventh syllables

[blankvers] :: unrhymed J5

[hexametr] :: X6, pattern: S(w)wS(w)wS(w)wS(w)wS(w)wSw

[pentametr] :: X6, pattern: S(w)wS(w)wS(w)S(w)wS(w)wS

POEM

(1) Rhymed

[0] :: unrhymed poem

[1] :: rhymed poem

A rhymed poem is a poem in which at least 30 % of lines have a nonzero rhyme index.

(2a) Rhyme scheme

A rhyme scheme shows the distribution of rhymes in stanzas. Thus it is determined only in poems marked as both rhymed and stanzaic. A rhyme scheme is traditionally marked, i.e. [a] for the first rhyme in a stanza, [b] for the second rhyme in a stanza… [x] for an unrhymed verse:

[aa] :: rhyme indexes: 1 1 . (2 2) ...

[abab] :: rhyme indexes: 1 2 1 2 . (3 4 3 4) ...

[xaxa] :: rhyme indexes: 0 1 0 1 . (0 2 0 2) ...

A rhyme scheme is recorded only if it occurs in a poem at least twice. If there are more than three different schemes in a poem, it remains undetermined.

(2) Stanzaic

[0] :: non-stanzaic poem

[1] :: stanzaic poem

A stanzaic poem is a poem consisting of sections containing m, or n lines (2 ≤ m, n ≤ 14) with a scheme (1) m.m..., (2) m.n.m.n..., (3) m.m...n.n... (m.m...n.n...)....

(2a) Stanza scheme

Stanza scheme indicates the distribution of individual metres in the stanza, e.g.

[aa] :: T4z T4z . T4z T4z ... || D4a D4a . D4a D4a ...

[abab] :: T4z T4m T4z T4m . T4z T4m T4z T4m ... || T4z D4a T4z D4a . T4z D4a T4z D4a ...

Stanza scheme scheme is determined only in poems indicated as stanzaic. Stanza scheme is recorded only if it occurs at least twice. If there are more than three different schemes in a poem, it remains undetermined.

(3) Fixed form

The description of fixed forms does not represent dictionary definitions but rather a set of minimum conditions essential for inclusion into the category.

[Alkajská strofa / Alcaic strophe] :: a four-logaoedic-line stanzas with the basic line-patterns:
wSwSwSwwSww
wSwSwSwwSww
wSwSwSwSw
SwwSwwSwSw
or
SwSwwSwwSww
SwSwwSwwSww
SwSwSwSww
SwwSwwSwSw

[Arte mayor] :: an eight-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme abbaacca

[Asklepiadská strofa IV / Asclepiad IV] :: a four-logaoedic-line stanzas with the basic line-patterns:
SwSwwSwSwwSww
SwSwwSwSwwSww
SwSwwSw
SwSwwSww

[Burnsova strofa / Burns stanza] :: a six-line stanzas rhyming aaabab, the lines being J4.J4.J4.J2.J4.J2 or T4.T4.T4.T2.T4.T2

[Elegické distichon / Elegiac couplet] :: alternation of hexameter and pentameter (h.p.h.p...)

[Gazel / Ghazal] :: a poem containing a radif (i.e. a repeated word at the end of a line) distributed according to the scheme r.r.(x.r.)... (x)

[Hrdinský kuplet / Heroic couplet] :: two-lines stanzas with the rhyme scheme aa consisting of lines J5.J5

[Huitain] :: eight-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme ababbcbc or abbaacac

[Chaucerova strofa / rhyme royal] :: seven-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme ababbcc

[Kasída / Qaṣīda] :: two-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme aa.ax.ax... or aa.aa.aa... or aa.ba.ca...

[Limerik / Limerick] :: a poem consisting of one stanza with the rhyme scheme aabba

[Madrigal] :: three-line stanzas, the last line being identical in each stanza

[Oněginská strofa / Onegin stanza] :: fourteen-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme ababccddeffegg

[Ritornel / Ritornello] :: a poem consisting of one stanza with the rhyme scheme axa

[Rondel] :: a poem consisting of three stanzas, in which only two rhymes are used, the first line being identical with the last, or the first line being identical with the penultimate and at the same time the second line being identical with the last

[Rondó / Rondeau] :: a poem consisting of two or three stanzas; only two rhymes; the initial part of the first line (or the whole first line) is repeated at the end of the last line of each stanza except the first

[Sapfická strofa / Sapphic stanza] :: a four-logaoedic-line stanzas with the basic line-patterns:
SwSwSwwSwSw
SwSwSwwSwSw
SwSwSwwSwSw
SwwSw

[Sestina] :: a poem consisting of six-line stanzas, the final stanza having three lines

[Siciliána / Sicilian octave] :: eight-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme abababab

[Sonet anglický / English sonnet] :: a poem consisting of three four-line and one two-line stanzas

[Sonet italský / Italian sonnet] :: a poem consisting of two four-line and two three-line stanzas

[Spenserova strofa / Spenserian stanza] :: nine-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme ababbcbcc, consisting of lines J5.J5.J5.J5.J5.J5.J5.J5.J6

[Stance / Ottava rima] :: eight-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme abababcc

[Strofa Venuše a Adonise / Venus and Adonis Stanza] :: six-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme ababcc

[Tercína / Terza rima] :: a poem consisting of one stanza with eight lines, the first line being repeated as the fourth and the seventh lines of the poem, the second lined being repeated at the end of the poem

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Development of tools located at this website, website development and its English (Gabriela Brůhova) and Russian (Evgenia Tumanova) translations were supported by Czech Science Foundation (P406/11/1825) and by the long-term conceptual development of a research institution 68378068.
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